Thursday, 28 February 2019 13:36

White Shark Facts

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Did you know that....

  • White Sharks are also known as Great White Sharks, Carcharodon carcharias(Latin) and White Pointer Sharks.
  • 070507ali1 080812IMG_9024
  • Their bodies are counter-shaded with a charcoal to black, grey or even dark brown top (dorsal surface) and completely white underneath (ventral surface)
  • Counter-shading makes it difficult for their prey to see them
  • One of the most successful predators in the world
  • Live on a diverse diet of fish, other sharks, seals, dolphins and even scavenge on dead whales
  • They have many different ways to catch their food from chasing fish, to sneaking up on stingrays to attacking from below when trying to eat seal
  • Have taste buds inside their mouth and throat and are more fussy than other sharks like tiger sharks
  • Have a lateral line made of special hair-like cells which runs from their tail to their head and can detect small water vibrations and currents 090711DSC_0286
  • Use their electrosense to detect the electric field given off by all living animals and can even find prey hidden under the sand
  • They are sensitive to low frequency sounds as produced by struggling prey
  • They use body language and smell to communicate with one another

  • Deepest recorded dive was over 1200
  • Can breach out of the water over 2m into the air
  • One of the most widely distributed sharks found in all oceans, except the polar seas
  • Areas with the highest concentrations are Western Cape, South Africa, South Australia, West coast USA, Guadalupe Island Mexico and New Zealand
  • Found near the coast and in deep oceanic waters
  • Grow slowly only becoming mature after 10 years (males) and 15 years (females)
  • Live for more than 60 years
  • Reproduce slowly with litters of 2 - 10 baby sharks, called pups
  • Gestation is thought to be over 12 months
  • Give birth to live young (viviparous)Each pup is between 1.2 - 1.7 meters long when it is born
  • There is no parental care
  • World's largest predatory shark/fish growing up to 6.1 metres
  • Females grow bigger than male 09080224-03-09
  • They weigh over 2000 kgs
  • They have six senses: sight, smell, taste, touch, hearing and electroreception
  • They can see in the day and at night and can see colour
  • They don't have eyelids, but instead roll their eyes back to protect them
  • Sometimes they will stick their heads out of the water which is called spyhopping
  • They have the strongest smell out of all sharks and can smell one drop of blood in a million parts water
  • Man kills over 100 million sharks a year,
  • Sharks cause less than five deaths worldwide per year.
  • Chairs and toasters kill more people than sharks
  • Great White Sharks are Vulnerable to Extinction

 

Read 101 times Last modified on Friday, 01 March 2019 13:36

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